short


short
short [shôrt]
adj.
[ME < OE scort, akin to ON skort, short piece of clothing, OHG scurz, short < IE * (s)kerd- < base * (s)ker-, to cut, SHEAR < CURT]
1. not extending far from end to end; not long or not long enough
2. not great in span, range, or scope [a short distance, journey, throw, view, etc.]
3. low or relatively low in height; not tall
4.
a) lasting only a little time; brief
b) passing quickly [a few short weeks]
5. not retentive for long [a short memory]
6. condensed or concise, as a literary style, story, speech, etc.
7. brief or abrupt to the point of rudeness; curt
8. quickly angered or irked
9. less than or lacking a sufficient or correct amount, amount of time, etc. [a short measure, short on money, short notice]
10. not far enough to reach the mark, objective, etc. [the shot fell short]
11. having a tendency to break or crumble; friable; specif.,
a) crisp or flaky, as pastry made from dough rich in shortening
b) brittle and inductile when cold (cold short) or hot (hot short): said of metal
c) not having in possession at the time of sale the commodity or security one is selling in anticipation of a decline in price
d) designating or of a sale of commodities or securities not in the possession of the seller: see also SHORT SALE
12. Phonet.
a) articulated for a relatively short time; brief in duration: said of a speech sound
b) popularly not diphthongized [the short a in “pan” ]: opposed to LONG1, adj. 12 b
13. Prosody
a) requiring a relatively short time to pronounce: said of syllables in quantitative verse
b) unstressed: said of syllables in accentual verse
n.
1. something that is short; specif.,
a) a short sound or syllable, contrasted with one that is long
b) a film usually less than 30 min. in length
c) a fish or lobster below the size that may be legally taken
d) a shot that falls short of the target or objective
2. a variation of clothing size shorter than the average for that size
3. [pl.]
a) short, loose trousers reaching partway to the knee, worn in sports, etc.
b) men's undershorts
4. [pl.] items needed to make up a shortage or deficiency
5. [pl.] a byproduct of wheat milling that consists of bran, germ, and coarse meal
6. [pl.] trimmings, clippings, etc. left over in the manufacture of various products
7. short for
a) SHORTSTOP
b) SHORT CIRCUIT
8. one who has not yet covered the short sale of a stock, commodity, etc.
adv.
1. abruptly; suddenly
2. rudely; curtly
3. briefly; concisely
4. so as to be short in length
5. by surprise; unawares [caught short]
6. by a short sale
vt., vi.
1. to give less than what is needed, wanted, or usual
2. short for
a) SHORTCHANGE
b) SHORT-CIRCUIT
SYN.- BRIEF
——————
for short
by way of abbreviation or contraction
——————
in short
1. in summing up; to summarize
2. in a few words; briefly
——————
run short
to have or be less than enough
——————
short and sweet
agreeably or expeditiously brief
——————
short for
being a shortened form of, or an abbreviation or nickname for
——————
short of
1. not equaling; less than
2. without a sufficient or correct amount of; lacking
3. not far enough to reach (the mark, objective, etc.)
4. without actually resorting to
——————
☆ the short end of the stick
the worst of a deal
shortness
n.

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Short — Short, a. [Compar. {Shorter}; superl. {Shortest}.] [OE. short, schort, AS. scort, sceort; akin to OHG. scurz, Icel. skorta to be short of, to lack, and perhaps to E. shear, v. t. Cf. {Shirt}.] 1. Not long; having brief length or linear extension; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • short — [ ʃɔrt ] n. m. • 1910; angl. shorts, de short « court » ♦ Culotte courte (pour le sport, les vacances). Short de tennis. Être en short. ⇒aussi bermuda, boxer short, flottant. Des shorts. Loc. fam. Tailler un short à qqn, le frôler (en voiture). ● …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • short — ► ADJECTIVE 1) of a small length or duration. 2) relatively small in extent. 3) (of a person) small in height. 4) (short of/on) not having enough of. 5) in insufficient supply. 6) (of a person) terse; uncivil. 7) …   English terms dictionary

  • Short — bezeichnet Short Brothers (Flugzeughersteller), ein ehemaliger britischer Flugzeughersteller Short Brothers (Werft), eine ehemaliger britische Werft in der Mathematik als Short Format einen Begriff der Gleitkommaarithmetik, siehe IEEE 754 FP… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • short — 1 adj 1: treated or disposed of quickly in court the calendar for short causes 2 a: not having goods or property that one has sold in anticipation of a fall in prices a seller who was short at the time of the sale b: consisting of or relating to… …   Law dictionary

  • Short S.23 — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda S.23 Short Clase C de Qantas, 1940 Tipo Hidrocanoa de correo y pasaje Fabricante …   Wikipedia Español

  • short — short; short·age; short·en; short·en·er; short·ish; short·ite; short·ly; short·ness; short·om·e·ter; short·schat; short·sight·ed·ness; short·some; ul·tra·short; short·hand·ed·ness; short·shat; short·sight·ed·ly; …   English syllables

  • Short S.C.1 — Short S.C.1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • short — [adj1] abridged abbreviate, abbreviated, aphoristic, bare, boiled down, breviloquent, brief, compendiary, compendious, compressed, concise, condensed, curtailed, curtate, cut short, cut to the bone*, decreased, decurtate, diminished, epigrammatic …   New thesaurus

  • Short — may refer to: * Short (surname) * Holly Short, a fictional character from the Artemis Fowl series * Short circuit, an accidental connection between two nodes of an electrical circuit * Short (finance), stock trading status * Short film, a cinema… …   Wikipedia